Unit 7 Reading 2 Out-of-Body Experience? – Your Brain is to Blame
- Review the summary of the text in four to six sentences. Use your own words except for proper nouns and technical terms or phrases.
☆ S/Pl errors! a/an, the usages. Needs intro as the experiences are NOT so common. Is an electric current/stimulus the only cause of the sensation? => Check Model=> errors.
- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
[L10] attribute say/believe sth is the result of a particular thing; associate, blame, refer; ~ the success to hard work (n) attribute a quality/feature of sb/sth; Patience is an important ~ in teaching. [L11] paranormal forces beyond normal explanation [L12] sphere of material life; domain, scope, realm
[L13] induce to cause/activate/produce sth,; ~ sleep, persuade, motivate; ~ sb to do [L15] a zap to a brain region-the angular gyrus [L20] epilepsy disorder of the nerve system that causes a person to suddenly become unconscious or violent [L21-22] implant electrodes [L21] abnormal tissue [L28] psychiatric histories [L29] stunned by the bizarre nature [L33] phantom limbs-> ~ pain a phenomenon characterized by the experience of pain, discomfort, or other sensation in the area of a missing limb or other body part, as a breast. [L34] amputate to cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body), as by surgery. [L53] tendon a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone. 腱 [L63] electrodes [ɪlɛktroʊd] implanted into a conductor through which electricity enters or leaves an object電極 [L82] clasping her in~ to hold in a firm grasp, to grasp firmly with the hand [L87] body posture [pos-cher] a position or attitude of the limbs or body [L92] mimicking<-mimic, mimicked; imitate, mock, simulate
[L94] undergo sensory deprivation ; bear, experience, endure, go through; ~ surgery/test/trial
- deprive to prevent from possessing or enjoying; divest strip
[L97] minor strokes [L111] paranoid delusions a false belief/opinion about oneself or situation; illusion, misbelief [L120] tempting to
Chapter 4 Visual Art #2: Lecture by a guide in an art museum
- Preparing to Listen 1. Describe the painting as clearly as you can.
2. Discuss who you think they are, where they are, and what their personalities are like.
Pitchfork: a farming tool to lift and move hay(dried grass)
- Listening #1: Main Ideas and More Detail 2.
- Listening #2: Check the answers and More Detail 1.
=> who you think they are and why in 60 sec.
Unit 5 Reading-2 The Biology of Altruism
( Optional: Review the main ideas of the article in 4~5 sentences/80 words )
indicate that humans are born with altruistic nature.
found that mirror neurons in the human brain make people feel compassion for others.
believe that humans’ brain is pleased when people give economic support to others.
Though the biology of altruism hasn’t provided a complete picture of how and why people are pleased to help others, are expected to reveal more about the biology of altruism. (72 words)
- Read w/ for Vocabulary/Expressions
(par.1) subject a person as an object of medical, surgical, or psychological treatment or experiment. hypothesize-> hypothesis [haɪˈpɒθəsɪs] a suggested explanation for a group of facts or phenomena, either accepted as a basis for further verification (Par.2) neural- -neuroscience-neuro-economics-> neuron [nʊərɒn] a specialized, impulse-conducting cell that is the functional unit of the nervous system, consisting of the cell body and its processes, the axon and dendrites. (Par.3) bring about; cause success, achieve, generate
- Vocabulary Skill: Phrasal Verbs set up, call out, figure out, help out, point out, grow out of
- set off: begin a journey - set off for London.
- set sth off: explode; ~ fireworks, make an alarm start ringing; ~the alarm
- set out: start a journey, start doing something
- What do you think B-1=> What do you think has more influence on our decision to help others, the presence of others, human nature or learning? 5~8 sentences in response including examples