2018年9月13日木曜日

Advancing 2-Sep.13th

Eiken Lis-2Q 2018-1   

Inside Reading-3 Unit 7 Neuroscience  Reading-1  Mind Wide Open
- Check HW: Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
[P1-L2]  inscape  the essential inner nature of a person, an object-> landscape  [L3] MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan utilizes a strong magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within the body.  PET (Positron Emission Tomography) scan uses radiation, or nuclear medicine imaging, to produce 3D color images of the functional processes within the human body.  [L5] apparatus  [æpəˈrætəs/ˈreɪtəs] a group/combination of instruments, tools, materials for a particular function; equipment; fire-fighting ~  - systematic organization of activities, functions, processes for a specific goal; organization, system; digestive ~, government ~
[P2-L14] adrenaline [əˈdrɛnəlɪn] a hormone that is secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress and increases heart rate, pulse rate, and blood pressure, and raises the blood levels of glucose and lipids. [L15] a spike of  an abrupt increase or rise; surge                 [L17] subroutine    a section of a computer program that is stored only once but can be used when required at several different points in the program
[L17] on any given day, at any given moment -> in any given place  [P3-L21] contributing editor  a writer who regularly contributes articles to newspaper, magazine or online articles, but does not actually edit articles. Often a freelancer.   [L25] ant heaps  a group of things placed, thrown, or lying one on another; pile; a heap of stones/people  [L27] sphere  - a three-dimensional closed surface such that every point on the surface is equidistant from the center  - particular field of activity; environment: that's out of my~  - globe
[P4-L34] module  a self-contained unit or item which itself performs a defined task and can be linked with other such units to form a larger system, spacecraft module   [P6-L38] take for granted; accept, believe, assume, presume [L42] by instinct  - an inborn pattern of behavior that is characteristic of a species and is often a response to specific environmental stimuli: maternal ~  - a powerful motivation or impulse: ~ shopping/purchase  - altruistic instincts in social animals.  - an innate capability or aptitude: an ~ for diplomacy
[L44] devise to invent sth new or a new way to do sth; create, come up with, design; to ~ a method
Dic[L46] distinctive; different, unique, original, special; ~ style/color/look -> distinct; apparent, obvious, specific; ~ smell/music/color  -> distinguish  recognize the difference between two; differentiate, divide, identify; ~ between A and B, ~ A from B   [L49] an instant gut reaction  [P7-L55] amygdala  an almond-shaped part of brain that performs a primary role in the processing of memory, decision-making, and emotional reactions  [L58] decode  to convert an encoded message, text, digital data into ordinary language/sound/image; ~ encrypted message/password <-> encode  [L60] dimmer<- dim (adj) not clear because lack of light; to ~ read  (v) make/become dim  [P8-L62] traumatic [trəˈmæt ɪk]; frightening/frightful <- trauma [trou-muh/AmE, traw-]  a powerful shock that may have long-lasting effects  [L62] trigger ; cause to happen; bring about, generate, set off 
[L69] oxytocin [ɒksɪˈtoʊsən] a hormone that stimulates contraction of the smooth muscle of the uterus
 serotonin [sɛr əˈtoʊnɪn] a neurotransmitter involved in sleep, depression, memory, and other neurological processes.
 dopamine [doʊ pəˌmin] a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system to help regulate movement and emotion.
cortisol [ˈkɔrtəsɔl] one of several steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex and resembling cortisone
[L69] sojourn [ˈsoʊdʒɜrn] a temporary stay; layover, brief travel, stayover: during his ~ in Paris.
 [P9-L75] preoccupations<- preoccupy  to occupy beforehand or before others: Thoughts of failure ~ied me. He was too ~ied with his own thoughts. [P10-L84] brings it all alive [L85] sanest <-sane  mentally sound, sensible, reasonable ->sanity, insane  [P11-L88] instructive: informative, enlightening, useful
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level
- A. Match the definitions -> Dic attach  => Pair Q&A 1~6
           - to fasten/join one thing to another; ~ sth (to sth)
                   - to believe sth is important/worth/valuable; ~ importance/significance/value; attribute, allocate
- B. Identify the part of speech-> Find the synonymous
              Dic adhere - to stick firmly to sth; attach, unite; - follow rules; comply, obey, observe;
              Dic conspicuous easy to see/notice; obvious, apparent, distinct, evident <-> inconspicuous
              Dic[L46] distinctive; different, unique, original, special; ~ style/color/look -> distinct; apparent, obvious, specific;                    ~ smell/music/color  -> distinguish  recognize the difference between two; differentiate, divide, identify; ~ between A and B, ~ A from B  -> distinguished; successful, noble, respectable: ~ speaker/guest, ~ family 
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
Dic obvious – easy to see/understand; It was ~ to everyone that …, ~ reason/annoyance/distress, so ~
              -> obviously; certainly, unmistakably, apparently, clearly, definitely; Obviously, …, ~ important
- C. Make a sentence using “Obviously, …” and “it is obvious that …”  => Pair
Dic insight [ˈɪnsaɪt]– ability to see and understand the truth about people/situations; judgement, understanding; of great ~  -> insightful              - understanding of what sth is like; the book gives us ~ into …,
Blog Extra Learning    Dos and don’ts to preserve your brain power


Open Forum-2 Chapter 3  #2 Interview with a food scientist about changes in eating habit
- Blog - Listening with Transcript
-> Vocabulary: take it for granted, appetite-appetizer, imply-implication, striking, to some extent
- Pronunciation: Intonation with Questions
- Speaking Skills: Hesitating and Taking Time to Think
- Speaking Practice: Food and Eating Questionnaire
<= Intonation with Questions, Taking time to answer, Elaborate the answer, Echo/Repeat Questions
<= Follow up questions, Mix w-questions and yes/no questions
3: Is there one food that you eat every day? -> If so, what is it?
             => If you are to choose one food or dish to eat every day, what will you choose? How will you eat it?
4: Do you prefer eating out or eating at home? -> What’s your favorite dish/menu/place?
=> Speak your prediction for the change in eating habits in the next ten years especially when;
- the share of the senior citizens become even larger
- the number of children become fewer
- the size of family continue to become smaller
- the percentage of female workers increase.

Read and Write Unit 5  Reading-1  A Question of Numbers
- Review Blog What do you think-2  five to eight sentences to respond the question:
In general, which people do you think are more helpful to strangers in need: people who live in cities or people who live in small towns? Why?
- Q-classroom Read w/Audio Par.1-> Shadowing Par.1-> Read w/Audio Par.2-4-> Shadowing Par.5,6
- Read for Vocabulary/Expressions: (par.1) (more/most/less/least) likely ~/to do   complex  composed of many interconnected parts, complicated; ~ highway system, machinery  apply  to make use of; ~ a theory to a problem,  to put to use for a particular purpose; ~ pressure to open a door,  to make an application or request; ask: ~ for a job/raise  end up  to find yourself in a situation you didn’t intend/expect to be in; ~ in prison/-ing/dead 

Interest  Blog Can we trust AI if we don't know how it works?

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