2018年2月27日火曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.27th

Read and Write Unit 10 Reading 1: Flu FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
- Read w/ Q-Classroom
- Vocabulary/Expressions  (par.1) a virus that passes  (par.2) fatigue  exposure to virus  (par.3) respiratory [rɛspərətɔri]  runny or stuffy nose (par.4) immunity – immune to sth, ~ from prosecution  (par.6) infect-> infection-infectious  (par.7) result in sth  to have a particular effect/result, to make sth happen: The accident ~ed in 24 deaths.  (par.8) vaccine [væksin] vaccinate-vaccination
=> What do you think-2  Some people worry a lot about catching the flu from others, and some people are not very concerned. How concerned are you, on a scale from 1, not concerned at all, and 10, (on a scale of one to ten) extremely concerned? Speak your answer in 90 seconds..
Inside Reading Unit 4  Reading-2 Immunization against Diseases of Public Health Importance
- Reading Skill: Interpreting Charts (Pie Chart/p.60), Graphs (Figure 1/p.51, Figure 3/p.52), and Tables (Figure 2/p.51, Table 1, 2/p.58): Are they helpful to explain the topic/main point? Do you need to look up all the unknown words, names of the diseases in the dictionary to understand message of the report?
- Apply A.  Pair Ask a partner a question about the figures in the pie chart. 
- Apply B.  Create a table depicting the information with numbers and percentages => Pair Compare
- > Blog Table 1.  Outbreak of Polio in Africa in 2008 and 2009
=> Speak Show the table and give a 60-sec. presentation to a partner=> Pair 
- Read-3-> Study Words/Expressions/Grammar – Non disease words
Dic immune - protected from a particular disease by inoculation: safe, invulnerable, resistant; ~ to measles
- exempt, protected, free: ~ from punishment  - not responsive, resistant: ~ to new ideas.
-> immunity; ~ to infection, the vaccine provides ~ against flu.    - protected from sth; grant ~ from prosecution
-> immunize: ~ against sth -> immunization; ~ program to prevent epidemics
[P1-L7~11] Verbs; avoid, prevent, reduce, ease (strain, pain, tension, problem), save
[L10] strain (v) stretch; ~ a rope, ~ the budget,  injure, to make effort; ~ my ears to hear  (n) pressure; under ~, put a ~ on sth, injury; muscle ~  [P2-L14] eradicate; eliminate, destroy, abolish, get rid of, remove, extinguish 
[P-3] cover-coverage  the amount or extent to which something is covered  - (journalism) the amount and quality of reporting or analysis given to a particular subject or event [L37] sub-Saharan Africa  area that lies south of the Sahara Desert  [L40] incidence  the rate of occurrence/influence of sth, especially of something unwanted: the high ~ of heart disease in men over 40. [P5-L46] inhale; breathe in -> inhaler [L48] variolate-variolation  to inoculate with the smallpox virus 天然痘ウィルスを接種する [P7-L63] antigen [ˈæntɪdʒən] a substance that enters the body and causes disease, stimulates the production of antibodies  [L64] bacterium [bækˈtɪəriəm] <- bacteria(pl)  [L67] toxin  poisonous substances produced by bacteria; poison-> antitoxin, toxic   [L72] lymphocyte [ˈlɪmfəsaɪt] a type of white blood cell  [P8-L74] antibody  a substance produced in the blood in response to an antigen [L84] invading agent  (Chemistry) a substance that causes a reaction. [P9-L86] bacterium [bækˈtɪəriəm] singular of bacteria [bækˈtɪəriə] [L91] germ  a microorganism that produces disease, a simple structure like a fertilized egg [L91] side effects  [P11-L102] complications  a new problem/illness that makes treatment of a previous one more complicates/difficult; died of ~, develop ~  [P12-L109] cost-effective  
Blog Disease terms
- Interest Falcon Heavy (1:28)      Elon Musk 

2018年2月23日金曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.23rd

Inside Reading Unit 4  
Reading-2 Immunization against Diseases of Public Health Importance
- Before You Read  Discuss and define what vaccine [vækˈsin] is or does.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body's immune system to recognize the agent as foreign, destroy it, and "remember" it, so that the immune system can more easily recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms that it later encounters.  (W.H.O.)
- Skim the report WHO recounts the positive effects of immunization; Check the title/subtitles, Tables => Think of a title of the report=> Pair Explain   Immunization by use of Vaccine
- Read-1  Mark the names of the diseases, topic and verb/key words of the paragraph but stay focused on the main points and messages, try not be trapped by the names of the diseases.
-> Check the subtitles, topic of the paragraphs, and tables to identify how the report is organized.
- Read-2 -> Reading Comprehension-A, B -> Check how the tables support the report. Are they helpful?
Open Forum Chapter 10 History   Presentation about Ellis Island
America’s busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 until 1954. 
- Preparing to Listen: Check the images of Ellis Island  
- 1st Listening-> Main Ideas, Take notes for Detail Questions
- 2nd Lis by Part-> Check Detail Questions=> Explain what each presenter talked about
- Video  Godfather Ellis Island (3:45) TeacherTube - A Virtual Voyage to Ellis Island (5:29)
=> Think & Discuss Pair What do you think of immigrating to a totally new place where you have to start everything, a job, a place to live in, friends, and the language?
- Interest Blog Story Telling Read the stories and chose one to Retell.
- The Recipe - The Hodja and His Eight Donkeys
- The Smell of Soup and the Sound of Money - Faith Moves Mountains

2018年2月20日火曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.20th

Read and Write Unit 10 Global Health
- Listen to Q-Classroom => [A] What are some things you do to avoid getting sick? => Pair
- [C, D] Match the names of illness: communicable/infectious disease
Reading 1: Flu FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
- Vocabulary: epidemic, symptom, infect-infection-infectious (=communicable), virus
- Read-> Main Ideas, Details [A] Venn Diagram
Blog A Venn diagram or set diagram is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of sets. Venn diagrams were conceived around 1880 by John Venn. They are used to teach elementary set theory, as well as illustrate simple set relationships in probability, logic, statistics, linguistics and computer science.
- Reading Skill: Synthesizing Information
=> B.2 Speak Read the paragraph and answer the question in 90 sec. Include examples/examples.
Inside Reading Unit 4  Reading-1  Determinants of Mortality
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. -> Corpus  radical  basic, fundamental, important parts of sth, for change from accepted or traditional forms; profound, essential: ~ changes/reform/differences, ~ idea/solution/proposal/measures  - thoroughgoing or extreme; progressive, extreme, revolutionary (N) 
empirical [ɛmˈpɪr ɪ kəl] based on experiments, experience rather than theories or ideas; practical, experimental, hands-on, firsthand: ~ evidence/knowledge/research/study  <-> theoretical
-> B 
- Corpus  aspect  element to consider; prospect, view (visual effect): the physical aspect of the landscape
-> C.1 Ind. Speech-1 What are two most important aspects for you to decide which college to attend/which major to choose? 
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
- E. Read the texts aloud
- Corpus hierarchy [ˈhaɪ əˌrɑr ki ] order, ranking: He rose in the corporate hierarchy. 
– hierarchical [hɑɪ·əˌrɑr·kɪ·kəl]
- Interest Falcon Heavy (3:26)   Elon Musk 

2018年2月16日金曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.16th

Inside Reading Unit 4 Public Health  Reading-1  Determinants of Mortality 
- Blog the summary of the text in five sentences/100 words. 
- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
(L6) increase by ~ %, ~ fourfold (L8) rose to  (L11) mortality rate-> Dic mortal  subject to death: ~ creature, ~ life<-> immortal; ~ life, ~ words -> fatal  causing death; mortal; deadly: a ~ accident/dose
(L12) radical  - basic, fundamental, important parts of sth, for change from accepted or traditional forms; profound, essential:~ changes/reform/differences, ~ idea/solution/proposal/measures  - thoroughgoing or extreme; progressive, extreme, revolutionary  (L14) eradication of deaths; destruction, elimination <- eradicate  to remove or destroy  (L16) formerly-former; ~ president/boss/wife, the ~ Soviet, the ~ <-> the latter (L22) Dic measure  official action to achieve sth; to do: safety/security/austerity/health ~s, a temporary/emergency/preventive ~ - scale, amount, unit, size (L28) play a role (L28) result in  to make sth happen; cause, lead, create, bring about (L42) hygiene [ˈhaɪ dʒin]  cleanliness, sanitation (L44) food-borne  -borne: carried by: air/water/food~ disease/virus  (L45) typhoid [ˈtaɪ fɔɪd] (腸チフス)  (L46) dysentery [ˈdɪsəntɛr i ] 赤痢 (L46) tuberculosis [tʊbɜrkyəˈloʊsɪs] 結核: TB  (L50) antibiotics (penicillin or streptomycin) 
(L57) Dic account for - to be the cause/explanation of sth, give reason for sth  - to be a particular amount/part of sth: ~ 20% of the revenue   (L61) cardiovascular diseases 心臓血管 : CV   (L64) Dic persist  continue to do sth despite difficulties; carry on, pursue, perseverance -> persistent  (L70) reversed the trend  
(L74)intervention-intervene Dic  to become involved in sth to improve/help; involve, mediate <- interrupt 
(L72) literacy => Task Explain why women’s literacy improves life expectancy in 60 seconds with an example
(L75) immunization campaigns   The process of inducing immunity, usually through inoculation or vaccination. (L77) make a difference (L80) straightforward; honest, simple, clear, easy (L80) empirical [ɛmˈpɪrɪkəl] evidence; practical, experimental  (L82) urbanization (L83) be accompanied by <- accompany to go along or in company with; join in action: ~ a friend on a walk. (L90) hierarchy [ˈhaɪ əˌrɑr ki] a system or things arranged in a graded order -hierarchical [haɪ əˈrɑr kɪ kəl] (L91) socioeconomic the combination or interaction of social and economic factors  (L97) psychosocial stress  of or relating to the interaction between social and psychological factors.
(L99) isolated factor  <-isolate  to place apart, cause to be alone; cut off, separate, segregate - isolation
(L104) over time (L111) outcomes: result, consequence, conclusion (L112) silver lining  when you want to emphasize the hopeful side of a situation that might seem gloomy on the surface: “every cloud has a silver lining” means that even the worst events or situations have some positive aspect.
Open Forum Chapter 10 Conversation about the discovery of America
Blog Listening-3 with Script
-> Vocabulary & Expressions: turn out, pre-history, in particular, colonize-colony, remains of, settlement, southern tip, command-commander, explore-exploration-explore
- Review with Script
=> Explain when, by who and how America is thought to have been migrated and discovered.
- Vocabulary Exercise: Multi-Word Verbs-2
Task Discuss what the today’s world would be if Zheng had colonized America.
- Interest Blog Story Telling Read the stories and chose one to Retell.
- The Recipe - The Hodja and His Eight Donkeys
- The Smell of Soup and the Sound of Money - Faith Moves Mountains

2018年2月13日火曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.13th

Read and Write Unit 9 Writing-Review
- Blog Review the paragraph to describe your community/society such as school, local community or  country. Write two or three points that are important or unique and use numbers to support them.
Inside Reading Unit 4  Reading-1  Determinants of Mortality
Blog Review the main idea of the entire article is in three sentences
Life expectancy has been rising/increasing in both developed and developing countries drastically in the last century as mortal infectious diseases decreased by improved nutritious, health, and medical attentions.
But there still is a considerable gap between developed and underdeveloped countries for how long a person can live and what causes deaths.
There also seem to be other factors such as social, economic and educational conditions that influence life expectancy but it is surely rising/increasing among all segments of people even at a different pace. 
- Reading Skill: Interpreting Charts, Graphs, and Tables-> Apply A/p.53a-> B/p.54
- Read-2 => Study the text to identify the chunks-> Read the last paragraph -> Review
Chunk 1 (Par.1-2) overall history of life expectancy; Figure 1
Chunk 2 (Par.3-5) aspects and phases of mortality reduction; nutrition, public health measures, medicine, Figure 2
Chunk 3 (Par.6-7) life expectancy by countries; Figure 3
Chunk 4 (Par.8-11) factors for difference in life expectancy; groups, hierarchy 
Chunk 5 (Par.12) the differences look widening but the mortality rate will improve in the future.
=> Blog Write a summary of the text in five sentences/100 words. 
- Interest Blog This company wants to clean up space 
https://edition.cnn.com/videos/world/2017/06/13/vision-the-future-of-japan-space-sweepers-orig.cnn/video/playlists/vision-future-of-japan/   (3:29) 

2018年2月9日金曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.9th

Inside Reading Unit 4 Public Health  Reading-1  Determinants of Mortality 
Target Words  empirical [ɛmˈpɪr ɪ kəl] based on experiments, experience rather than theories or ideas; practical, experimental, hands-on, firsthand: ~ evidence/knowledge/research/study  <-> theoretical
Before You Read  Think and Talk A-2. Rank the factors=> Pair
More Words: - eradicate  eliminate, destroy, abolish, get rid of, remove, extinguish   - vaccine [vækˈsin] 
- Preview: Check the title, Figure-1, 2, 3 (graphs, table) and their captions
- Read-1 Mark the Main Ideas-> Reading Comprehension Note the line # where the answer is found.
=>Blog Write what the main idea of the entire article is in three sentences
Open Forum Chapter 10 Conversation about the discovery of America
- Introduction: Greenland, Iceland, Newfoundland, the Bering Strait, (the Aztecs, Mayans, Incas)
- Preparing to Listen: Christopher Columbus, Leif Erikson, Zheng He
- colony: a country/land that is governed by people from another more powerful country.
-> colonial rule/ruler/ruling   
<-> suzerain [ˈsuːzɚ.ɪn] The Hapsburgs were suzerains of the country.
- Listening-1 => Take memos about the discovery of America, especially who, when and how. 
- Listening-2 => Listen by Part => Pair Speak the roles of each explorer by turns.
- Focus on the Listening Skill: Summarizing

2018年2月6日火曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.6th

Read and Write Unit 9 Writing 
- Writing Skill: Using numbers to support ideas. 
-> A. Identify MI, study the population growth. 
-> B. 
=> Describe a trend, situation, event, place or thing, or your grades or profile using numbers and facts.
- Blog Write a paragraph to describe your community/society such as school, local community or  country. Write two or three points that are important or unique and use numbers to support them.
Inside Reading Unit 3  Reading-2  One Person’s Vandalism Is Another One’s Art
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
Word Form Chart
- inspect  examine; scrutinize; investigate; study esp. for faults or errors: ~ property/work, 
- mutual  possessed, experienced, or performed by each of two or more with respect to the other:
have ~ respect/understanding, ~ support/aid
- rational (adj) agreeable to reason; reasonable; sensible; wise; intelligent; analytical: ~ choice, decision, explanation, thought -> rationale: reason, logic, basis, grounds.
- legislate (vi: for/against/on) to make or pass a law affecting sth: ~ against discrimination, ~ to protect
(vt) to bring into effect by legislation: ~ morality.
legislature  a group of people or body that have the power to make or change laws: body; house
- ethnic  relating to or characteristic of a group having racial, religious, linguistic, or sth in common; 
racial; cultural; tribal; national; traditional: ~ groups/communities, ~ violence, 
-> A. -> Pair
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
- Corpus rational  agreeable, reasonable; sensible; wise; analytical, sound: ~ choice/decision/explanation/thought
-> rationale: reason, logic, basis, grounds; ~ behind/for/of sth  <-> irrational
=> Pair Do you know anyone who makes a rational explanation to you or others? 
If not, what about you?
- C. -> Identify the words that can be replaced by different forms of rational
- reason-> rationale - justified-> rationalize - sensible-> rational
- logically-> rationally - explanation-> rationale - reason-> rationale
- criteria (pl)<-criterion  a standard of judgment/criticism; a rule/principle for evaluating/testing sth.
- “art for art’s sake”  expresses the belief held by many writers and artists, that art needs no justification, that it’s free from political, educational, or moral function.
(a slogan which was coined in the early 19th century by the French philosopher Victor Cousin.)
=> Speak the summary of the essay in 60 sec.

2018年2月2日金曜日

Advancing 1-Feb.2nd

Inside Reading Unit 3  Reading-2  One Person’s Vandalism Is Another One’s Art
- Blog Review the Summary of the article in two or three sen. or 50 words. Try to use your own words.
- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar 
[P1-L1] a plague and an eyesore  - plague -an infectious disease  - any cause of trouble; annoyance: Uninvited guests are a ~. - eyesore  sth unpleasant to look at: The old building became an ~.  [L10] snob  a person who strives to associate with those of higher social status  [L11] alike  (adj) in the same manner, form, or degree; equally, similarly: They treated all customers ~. All three were guilty alike.  [L13] tagger-tag  draw/write graffiti on, attach a tag to  [L15] lesson  to reduce in size, extent, or degree; lower, reduce, decrease, shrink:   Medication helps ~ the severity of the symptoms. We ~ed our efforts as it became clear…  
[P2-L29] muralist<- mural  a large picture painted or affixed directly on a wall or ceiling   [P5-L31] Dic interpret  - to explain the meaning of sth  - to understand sth in a specified way  - to perform (sth, such as a song or a role) in a way that shows your own thoughts and feelings about it   [P5-L40] as a subset of   a set that is a part of a larger set  [P6-L55] lower property values  [L57] arrest or ticket  [L58] pass legislation anyone ~ to [L62] allow artistic expression while discouraging vandalism  [P8-L78] featured in world renowned ~ ; present, promote, advertise  [L90] plaster up  to cover walls or ceilings, etc. with plaster: thick material that hardens  [L91] Dic aesthetic [es-thet-ik]  relating to the philosophy of aesthetics; concerned with notions such as the beautiful and the ugly: artistic, beautiful  [P9-L94] edginess<- edgy  new and unusual in a way that is likely to make some people uncomfortable; innovative  <-edge  cutting edge technology   [L94] Splasher <- splash  of a liquid : to move, fall, or hit something in a noisy or messy way   [L100] only way to counter it  to do something in defense or in response to something; answer, respond, resist, offset  [L104] a fad  sth that is very popular for a short time, such as an interest or fashion 
Open Forum Chapter 9 Web Resource: Round the Word about the Driest Place on Earth
WS- Listening-1-> Answer, Note=> Explain
1. What the Atacama Desert is like  
2. How people get water in Atacama Desert  
3. How water is needed and produced there
- Listening-2 w/Script=> Pair Tell the summary of the program in 90 seconds.
Extra Learning - Blog  India's Indira canteen: The best meal you can buy for 13 cents
 queue; line    Read until the paragraph under a man handing a green token.
Show=> 101 Indira Canteen opened across the city-(3:20) 
=> Speak Do you think the canteen is a good program?
=> Speak What would you say if you were one of the restaurant’s owner around the canteen?