- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
- Dic controversy dispute, argument or debate especially one with strong disagreement in public/the press
-> controversial (adj) ~ decision, It will ~ to release these photographs.
Article-1 [P1-L5] institute a policy to begin or create sth (a new law/rule/system); organize, introduce, begin, initiate, put into operation, enact: ~ a new policy/program - institution an established organization [L-7] resulting art appear, come out, end, finish [L10] ongoing debate ; continuing, continuous, current; ~ effort/discussion [P2-L14] installed temporarily <- temporary lasting for a limited time; brief, interim, provisional : ~ solution/relief/worker, only ~ [L18] auction off sell sth (no longer needed) at an auction: The army ~ed off surplus equipment. [L18] raise money/fund to get together for a purpose; collect [P3-L29] back out; withdraw, cancel, give up [P4-L32] transparent - able to be seen through; clear - easy to notice or understand; obvious, straightforward - honest, open, not secretive; sincere -> transparency [L35] casts patterned shadows : to make light/a shadow, appear in a particular place: The news ~ a shadow over the process (made people unhappy). The tree cast a long shadow on the lawn. - How many votes were cast? -Seaweed was cast up by the waves.
Article-2 [P1-L42] veto (v) ; refuse, deny, reject, rule out, turn down (n) refusal, denial [L46] durability<- durable; able to exist for a long time; lasting, dependable, endurable: ~ goods [L48] fund (v) provide money, finance (n) capital, endowment, trust [L48] logistical <- logistics the management of materials flow through an organization, from raw materials through to finished goods [P2-L55] weird; odd, bizarre, strange, creepy, freaky: a ~ dream/boy [L63] mutual benefits shared between two or more people or groups; shared, common, bilateral: ~ love/respect/effort/agreement [L70] outrage (v) shock, offend, abuse (n) shock, anger: public ~ [P3-L72] make a statement create a certain impression, communicate an idea or mood without using words: The furnishings made a ~ about the company.
[L77] context, not content, is what people care about the most. context - the situation in which sth happens : the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens; circumstances, situation, background -the parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word/passage
content sth that is contained: the ~s of a box. - the subjects/topics covered in a book or document. - the chapters or other formal divisions of a book or document: a table of ~s.
[L86] association with - a connection or relationship between things or people - an organized group of people who have the same interest, job, etc. - a feeling, memory, or thought that is connected to a person, place, or thing
[P4-L93] reveal; disclose, expose, show, unveil – revelation [L94] senator (Roman) [L99] distasteful unpleasant, tasteless, painful [P5-L105] the same goes for: the same is true for, prime spot (best, beginning)
[L110] prime spots the most active, thriving, or satisfying stage or period: in the ~ of his life -the chief or best individual or part [L115] propel ;drive, push, throw - propeller [L116] kick in to become operational; activate; go into effect: The air conditioning ~s in when the temperature reaches 25°C. The pain relief ~ed in soon. [P6] Dic integrate to make or be made into a whole; incorporate or be incorporated, merge, unify: ~ art and technology, rock and jazz – integration (unification, assimilation)
[L125] gone are the days when … : Gone are the days when people listened to the radio in the living room. Gone are the days when girls used to learn cooking from their mothers. ～は遠い昔になってしまった
[L126] plop art is a slang term for public art usually large, abstract, modernist or contemporary sculpture made for government or corporate plazas, spaces in public venues, which usually are unattractive or inappropriate to its surroundings - that is, it has been thoughtlessly "plopped" (stone ~ed into the water) where it lies.
erect (v: to build; construct; raise), rigid (stiff, strict, solid, rigorous): ~ system, rules, attitude, resistance, opinion,
[L134] merely decorative ; hardly, only, barely, simply [L134] blandness <- bland boring, undistinctive, dull [L139] unsightly (adj) ugly, unattractive
Extra Learning - Blog India's Indira canteen: The best meal you can buy for 13 cents
queue; line Read until the paragraph under a man handing a green token.
Open Forum Chapter 9
3rd Lis with ScriptBlog : expose, equation, do an experiment, make a difference
- Vocabulary: Collocations with Make and Do
-> Vocabulary Exercise 1-> 2-> 3
do business, do housework, do a job, do the shopping, do someone a favor,
make a decision, make a list, make a living, make a meal, make a mistake, make money, make a profit
=> Integ. Speech Do you think this research is meaningful or useful? Why?
=> Ind. Speech What will you do when it suddenly starts raining around the station; take a bus at \210, run wet for ten minutes, walk wet for 20 minutes or get an umbrella at \500 and walk, or any option?