- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
Read Par.1-3-> [P1-L3] dwarfed by Tokyo (v) to cause to appear/seem small in size/extent/character (n) - a person of abnormally small stature due to a pathological condition -an animal/plant much smaller than the average of its kind/species.~ planet [L6] mushroom to spread, grow, or develop quickly [L6] propel to impel, drive, or cause to move forwards [L8] phenomenal; exceptional, outstanding, unusual, unparalleled <- phenomena [fɪˈnɒmənɒn] (pl) phenomenon -anything that can be perceived as an occurrence or fact by the senses -any remarkable occurrence or person – [L9] migration<= migrate [maɪgreɪt] to go from one country/place to another; move, resettle, relocate. - to pass periodically from one region or climate to another, as certain birds, fishes, and animals: ~ southward in winter. [P2-L14] scores of cities -a great many: ~ of people score a group or set of 20: about a ~ of years ago. [L15] pivotal [ˈpɪvətl] important, critical, vital <- pivot – the central point/pin – the central or most important person/thing [P3-L23] meteoric growth [mitiɔrɪk] resembling a meteor in transient brilliance, suddenness of appearance, swiftness, etc.: his ~ rise in politics [L29] expel to drive or force out or away; discharge, throw out - to cut off from membership or relations: ~ a student from college. [L32] ruinous demand [ruənəs] bringing or tending to bring ruin; destructive; disastrous: a ~ war <- ruin
Read Par.4-6-> [P4-L36] isn’t an option [L39] not to mention in addition to; without mentioning: We were served a sumptuous entree, ~ the other courses. [L48] parasite sth relies on others, dependent, bloodsucker – parasitic [P5-L61] integrate sth into to bring together, make up, combineor complete to produce a whole or a larger unit as parts do: ~ with the community/class, ~ into the system [P6-L64] are still being defined; establish, outline [L68] wind turbines [L77] extracted from the landfill extract to get, pull, or draw out, usually with special effort, skill, or force; draw out, pull: ~ a tooth. landfill disposal of waste material by burying it under layers of earth [L81] subsidize to aid or support with a subsidy; finance, sponsor: The project is ~d by the government. A government ~d project.
☆ L36-40: Dividing up the planet … unlike to ever happen. =>
Read Par.7-9-> [P7-L93] far-flung far distant, remote, widely distributed [L97] wholesale rethink ; (adj) all inclusive, extensive, large scale (n) (v) the sale of goods in quantity, as to retailers or jobbers, for resale ->wholesaler [L99] in the first place [P8-L017] at the other end of the scale (on the other hand) are shanty towns a crudely built hut, cabin, or house,  alley [æli] narrow street/passage, backstreet [L113] pedestrianize [pəˈdɛstriənaɪz] to convert a street into an area for the use of pedestrians only by excluding all motor vehicles. [L114] from the wider city extended part of the city? [L118] sanitary of or relating to health and measures for the protection of health, free from dirt, germs, etc [L119] social vibrancy giving an impression of activity; action, energy, dynamism <- vibrate-vibrant full of life and energy; exciting
[P9L-L122] Dic spontaneous resulting from a natural impulse/tendency; w/o effort; natural, unplanned -spontaneity inspiration, impulse [P10-L12] dense having the component parts closely compacted together; crowded or compact: a ~ forest; ~ population. [L127] Dic retain keep, continue, hold, enjoy, maintain, own) study->remember->retain=>learn
☆ L121-129: So perhaps something…to sandwich wrappers
Interest Dubai vs Hong Kong (3:41)
Open Forum Chapter 8 Listening-2 On-the-street interview about community involvement
- Blog Lis-3 w/Script-> Study how the interviewees Answer => elaborate their answers
-> Vocabulary: social involvement, fund raising, sign petitions, prefer to, go out for dinner,
get together with friends
-> Expressions: it’s always easier to do something else.
It’s funny you should ask that, I make my voice heard
- Speaking Skills-1 2nd Round Elaborate your answers further and better
=> Pair 2-1. Local events and festivals 2. Do you volunteer or donate money to charities?
3. Family=> grandparents/relatives 4. How often do you go out with your friends?
- Pronunciation: Unstressed Object Pronouns
- I told him the news. – I told the news to him.
- He sent me a card. – He sent a card to me.
- Give me the gun. – Give the gun to me.
- Speaking Practice Situation 1, 2 Pair Try to persuade him/her to join you.