- Study Words/Expressions and Text
[Intro] [P1-L8] F-16 fighter jet [L16] flare an unsteady flame, a sudden burst of flame [P2-L15] alterations <- alter to change, to become/make sb/sth different; change, revise, adjust, modify, amend - falsify, forge, fake, counterfeit, manipulate [L15] apparent [əpærənt, əpɛər-] readily seen or understood; evident, obvious, clear - seeming, possible, probable [L18] identical vapor trails [L21] dismiss the photographer: to remove or discharge from employment/service [L21] subsequently after sth else has happened; afterwards, later <-subsequent occurring or coming later or after: ~ to their arrival, they had dinner. - following in order or succession; succeeding: a ~ section in a treaty [L22] fakery (n) the practice or result of faking [L23] unethical – ethical connected with beliefs/principles about what is right and wrong; proper, honest: ~ issues/standards/questions/problems ethics (pl) moral principals: code of ~s [L25] get caught (up) sth to become unexpectedly involved in an unpleasant or annoying situation: We were caught in traffic/a heavy storm/a clash between protesters and police.
[P3-L28] Hosni Mubarak, then president [L36] re-election campaign for US president George W. Bush [L42] trivial not important; insignificant, meaningless, negligible [L38] insert (v)[ɪnsɜrt] (n)[ɪnsɜrt] put, tuck in; embed, fill in, implant [L44] undermine to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin [P4-L47] assign sth to sth to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings. - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver. [L48] approach to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project [L51] capture - catch and hold; arrest, catch, seize, snatch, secure - to film/record/paint: the attack was ~d on film by security camera. [L51] perceive to become aware of, know, or identify by means of the senses; notice, feel, identify, observe, realize, recognize: I ~d an object looming through the mist. – perception
[P6-L63] lost in glare a very harsh, bright, dazzling light; flame, glow: in the ~ of sunlight -a fiercely or angrily piercing stare [L66] amend to improve; change for the better; alter, enhance -to remove faults from; correct - to alter or revise (legislation, constitution) by formal procedure: ~ a bill -> amendment [L72] grant (v) to give or accord ; authorize, allow, permit: ~ permission - to agree or accede to: ~ a request (n) something granted, as a privilege or right, a sum of money, or a tract of land; allowance, gift, award, donation, endowment
[P7-L81] literally and figuratively literal being the primary meaning of the word; not figurative or metaphorical: the ~ meaning of a word. - following the words of the original very closely and exactly: a ~ translation of Goethe.
<-> figurative [ˈfɪgyərətɪv] different from the usual meaning to create a particular mental image; metaphorical, not literal, symbolical: He is a lion in battle.
[L94] contemplate to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars. - to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem. - to have as a purpose; intend, plan [P8-L101] vantage ; advantage, superiority [L107] polio [poʊlioʊ] an acute viral disease caused by polioviruses
[P9-L120] doctor - to restore to original or working condition; repair; mend: ~ a chipped vase with plastic cement. - to tamper with; falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level
- A. Read the words in the box-> Fill in the blanks without reading (voca task) -> Read the text aloud.
=> B. Put the sentences in a logical order. Identify the topic of each sentence and sort them=> Pair
a. demand that (should/BrE) inf （仮定法現在）: demanded that he emphasize ~ and play …
- insist that, recommend that, propose that, require that, suggest that
He demanded that she tell him the truth. They suggested that the passage be deleted.
The contract requires that the rent be paid by … We insisted that he resign as chairman.
- it’s important/essential/necessary that inf.: It is essential that the bill pass the Diet by …
b. show no reluctance to …
d. digital manipulation <- manipulate; change to suit one’s desire; influence, maneuver, shape
e. dark room techniques
- D. Dic submit
- to present for the approval, consideration, or decision of another or others; present, offer, propose, suggest, refer
- to give over or yield to the power or authority of another, to yield oneself to the power or authority of another; comply, endure, defer, surrender, agree, acknowledge
=> Pair Talk about.
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money #2 Lecture about the history of money
- Blog 3rd Lis w/Script of the key words-> Study unknown/unfamiliar words and phrases.
=> Explain the brief history of money using the below key words in three minutes.
1. barter 2. common currency 3. coins 4. banknotes 5. currency
=> Discuss The lecturer mentioned, “nothing backs our money, except people’s trust in it.
What keeps the value of our money up is simply the fact that people believe our money has value.”
What does it mean and why is it possible?
- Pronunciation: Intonation in Lists
- Speaking Skills: Asking for Further Information
=> Speaking Practice-2. If someone gave you \1,000,000 right now, how would you use it?
Tell a partner your response in 60 seconds.
Interest of the Day: Difference between Currency vs money (3:28)