Inside Reading Unit 9 True and Faults
- Study Words/Expressions and Text
[Intro] [P1-L8] F-16 fighter jet [L16] flare an unsteady flame, a sudden burst of flame [P2-L15] alterations <- alter to change, to become/make sb/sth different; change, revise, adjust, modify, amend - falsify, forge, fake, counterfeit, manipulate [L15] apparent [əpærənt, əpɛər-] readily seen or understood; evident, obvious, clear - seeming, possible, probable [L18] identical vapor trails [L21] dismiss the photographer: to remove or discharge from employment/service [L21] subsequently after sth else has happened; afterwards, later <-subsequent occurring or coming later or after: ~ to their arrival, they had dinner. - following in order or succession; succeeding: a ~ section in a treaty [L22] fakery (n) the practice or result of faking [L23] unethical – ethical connected with beliefs/principles about what is right and wrong; proper, honest: ~ issues/standards/questions/problems ethics (pl) moral principals: code of ~s [L25] get caught (up) sth to become unexpectedly involved in an unpleasant or annoying situation: We were caught in traffic/a heavy storm/a clash between protesters and police.
[P3-L28] Hosni Mubarak, then president [L36] re-election campaign for US president George W. Bush [L42] trivial not important; insignificant, meaningless, negligible [L38] insert (v)[ɪnsɜrt] (n)[ɪnsɜrt] put, tuck in; embed, fill in, implant [L44] undermine to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin [P4-L47] assign sth to sth to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings. - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver. [L48] approach to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project [L51] capture - catch and hold; arrest, catch, seize, snatch, secure - to film/record/paint: the attack was ~d on film by security camera. [L51] perceive to become aware of, know, or identify by means of the senses; notice, feel, identify, observe, realize, recognize: I ~d an object looming through the mist. – perception
[P6-L63] lost in glare a very harsh, bright, dazzling light; flame, glow: in the ~ of sunlight -a fiercely or angrily piercing stare [L66] amend to improve; change for the better; alter, enhance -to remove faults from; correct - to alter or revise (legislation, constitution) by formal procedure: ~ a bill -> amendment [L72] grant (v) to give or accord ; authorize, allow, permit: ~ permission - to agree or accede to: ~ a request (n) something granted, as a privilege or right, a sum of money, or a tract of land; allowance, gift, award, donation, endowment
[P7-L81] literally and figuratively literal being the primary meaning of the word; not figurative or metaphorical: the ~ meaning of a word. - following the words of the original very closely and exactly: a ~ translation of Goethe.
<-> figurative [ˈfɪgyərətɪv] different from the usual meaning to create a particular mental image; metaphorical, not literal, symbolical: He is a lion in battle.
[L94] contemplate to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars. - to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem. - to have as a purpose; intend, plan [P8-L101] vantage ; advantage, superiority [L107] polio [poʊlioʊ] an acute viral disease caused by polioviruses
[P9-L120] doctor - to restore to original or working condition; repair; mend: ~ a chipped vase with plastic cement. - to tamper with; falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level
- A. Read the words in the box-> Fill in the blanks without reading (voca task) -> Read the text aloud.
=> B. Put the sentences in a logical order. Identify the topic of each sentence and sort them=> Pair
a. demand that (should/BrE) inf （仮定法現在）: demanded that he emphasize ~ and play …
- insist that, recommend that, propose that, require that, suggest that
He demanded that she tell him the truth. They suggested that the passage be deleted.
The contract requires that the rent be paid by … We insisted that he resign as chairman.
- it’s important/essential/necessary that inf.: It is essential that the bill pass the Diet by …
b. show no reluctance to …
d. digital manipulation <- manipulate; change to suit one’s desire; influence, maneuver, shape
e. dark room techniques
- D. Dic submit
- to present for the approval, consideration, or decision of another or others; present, offer, propose, suggest, refer
- to give over or yield to the power or authority of another, to yield oneself to the power or authority of another; comply, endure, defer, surrender, agree, acknowledge
=> Pair Talk about.
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money #1 Radio Report about a Town with its Own Currency
- 3rd Listening w/Script Blog-> Voc & Expressions: circulate-in circulation, valid, issue notes
Dic issue (v) circulate, deliver, declare, release, send; ~ a statement, ~ a new coin, ~ a reprint of a book
(n) affair, matter, problem, topic, subject, edition, number; political ~, on the ~, the latest ~
- Focus on the Lis Skill Unknown vocabulary: objective, re-circulation, legal tender, issued
Dic stimulate - (passive) to fill sb with ideas/enthusiasm: excite, inspire; he was stimulated by the challenge
- encourage sth to start/progress further: spur, trigger; stimulate economic recovery-> economic stimulus plan
=> Thinking and Speaking Do you think local currency help the community?
- How does it help? Why do people use it? What are advantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
- Why don’t people use it? What are disadvantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
=> Pair Do you think local currency help the community? State your response in 60 sec.=> Q&A
- Vocabulary-1: Words Related to Money-> Check the answers
salary->wage, income-revenue, mortgage, loan; student/car/bank ~, credit-debt->asset,
interest rate/charge/payment, tax; income/sales/property ~, owe money, I Owe You (I.O.U.)
-> 2-> Read aloud
=> 3. Pair Choose a topic and tell your partner; I’ve just started … =>The Partner gives advice.
Interest of the Day: What is Economics? (2:54)