2017年9月29日金曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.29th

Inside Reading Unit 10  Reading-1 Attack of the Fire Ants
- Study Geography  [L12] Mobile, Alabama  [L16] Puerto Rico [L24] “Sunbelt” of America’s south and southwest  [P3] between Mississippi and Alabama, Texas, Arizona, California, Oregon, Washington
- Reading Skill: Recording Processes with Flow Chart-> Apply
- Review a Skill: Outlining=> Identify the main idea of each section to organize the contents=> Pair
Review Reading=>Blog Write a summary of the text in four to six sentences. You could use the subjects below to start each sentence.
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money  
Web A Conversation between a Financial Advisor and a Customer
Before Listening: Check the words in Listening for Main Ideas
- account: Money Market Account, Retirement Account, -> saving ~, checking ~
- Debts, Stocks, CDs -> “checks” : write a check, the check is in the mail
- What is credit card: A credit card is a payment card issued to users as a system of payment. It allows the cardholder to pay for goods and services based on the holder's promise to pay for them
- Listen-1: Answer the questions
- Listen-2: Summarize what the financial adviser recommended her customer to do and why.
- Listen w/Script=> Revise the memo and prepare to explain to a customer.
=> Pair Speak to a partner the recommendation “You should ~ first because …”
Interest of the Day-1 What is Inflation – Video (3:45)
Interest of the Day-2 Blog Extra Learning: Inflation, Deflation and Stagflation

2017年9月26日火曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.26th

Read and Write Unit 7 Buy or Reuse 
- Review Reading Q-Classroom
=> What do you think? -1: Think about the item(s) you threw away recently. Do you think it could/should have been used longer or repaired, or you should have bought a new one? 
( Last lesson) => Speak your answer in 60 sec
- Use the Conditional Type-3: could/should have used, shouldn’t have thrown away, could have been repaired
- Try these: not any/no longer, worth –ing, became too ~, worn out, unrepairable, not function (properly), useless
=>Blog Write three to five sentences to explain what you did and should/shouldn’t/could have done. 
Inside Reading  Unit 10  Reading-1 Attack of the Fire Ants
Target Words Dic append  to add as a supplement: to append a footnote.; add, affix 
-> appendix  separate additional material at the end of a book/magazine, esp documentary or explanatory
Before you Read-2.  wasp  - スズメバチ  - a white Anglo-Saxon Protestant.
- Preview: Check the title, headings, image/captions, chart-> Predict the topic
Intro; appendage [əpɛndɪdʒ] a subordinate part attached to something; an auxiliary part; addition. 
 - any member of the body diverging from the axial trunk.
- Skim the text=> Write the main ideas in three sentences=> Speak the main idea in 60 seconds
- Before Reading  - vocabulary: venom, toxic (adj)-toxin (n) poison   - Geography: US states
- Read-1 Underline the topic sentences/main ideas
=> Reading Comprehension: T/F, Mark the line #, Correct false statements.
Interest of the Day The bizarre physics of fire ants (3:58)

2017年9月22日金曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.22nd

Inside Reading Unit 9  Reading- 2 Playing with the Pixels
- Study Words/Expressions and Text
[Intro] [P1-L8] F-16 fighter jet  [L16] flare  an unsteady flame, a sudden burst of flame [P2-L15] alterations <- alter to change, to become/make sb/sth different; change, revise, adjust, modify, amend  - falsify, forge, fake, counterfeit, manipulate  [L15] apparent [əpærənt, əpɛər-] readily seen or understood; evident, obvious, clear  - seeming, possible, probable  [L18] identical vapor trails  [L21] dismiss the photographer: to remove or discharge from employment/service   [L21] subsequently  after sth else has happened; afterwards, later  <-subsequent occurring or coming later or after: ~ to their arrival, they had dinner.  - following in order or succession; succeeding: a ~ section in a treaty   [L22] fakery (n) the practice or result of faking   [L23] unethical – ethical connected with beliefs/principles about what is right and wrong; proper, honest: ~ issues/standards/questions/problems   ethics (pl) moral principals: code of ~s  [L25] get caught (up) sth  to become unexpectedly involved in an unpleasant or annoying situation: We were caught in traffic/a heavy storm/a clash between protesters and police.
[P3-L28] Hosni Mubarak, then president   [L36] re-election campaign for US president George W. Bush  [L42] trivial  not important; insignificant, meaningless, negligible  [L38] insert (v)[ɪnsɜrt] (n)[ɪnsɜrt] put, tuck in; embed, fill in, implant [L44] undermine  to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin  [P4-L47] assign sth to sth  to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings.  - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver.  [L48] approach  to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project   [L51] capture  - catch and hold; arrest, catch, seize, snatch, secure  - to film/record/paint: the attack was ~d on film by security camera.  [L51] perceive  to become aware of, know, or identify by means of the senses; notice, feel, identify, observe, realize, recognize: I ~d an object looming through the mist.  – perception
[P6-L63] lost in glare  a very harsh, bright, dazzling light; flame, glow: in the ~ of sunlight  -a fiercely or angrily piercing stare  [L66] amend  to improve; change for the better; alter, enhance  -to remove faults from; correct  - to alter or revise (legislation, constitution) by formal procedure: ~ a bill -> amendment   [L72] grant (v) to give or accord ; authorize, allow, permit: ~ permission   - to agree or accede to: ~ a request  (n) something granted, as a privilege or right, a sum of money, or a tract of land; allowance, gift, award, donation, endowment  
[P7-L81] literally and figuratively   literal  being the primary meaning of the word; not figurative or metaphorical: the ~ meaning of a word.  - following the words of the original very closely and exactly: a ~ translation of Goethe. 
<-> figurative [ˈfɪgyərətɪv] different from the usual meaning to create a particular mental image; metaphorical, not literal, symbolical: He is a lion in battle.  
[L94] contemplate  to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars.  - to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem.  - to have as a purpose; intend, plan  [P8-L101] vantage ; advantage, superiority   [L107] polio [poʊlioʊ] an acute viral disease caused by polioviruses  
[P9-L120] doctor  - to restore to original or working condition; repair; mend:  ~ a chipped vase with plastic cement.  - to tamper with; falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. Read the words in the box-> Fill in the blanks without reading (voca task) -> Read the text aloud.
=> B. Put the sentences in a logical order. Identify the topic of each sentence and sort them=> Pair
a. demand that (should/BrE) inf (仮定法現在): demanded that he emphasize ~ and play …
- insist that, recommend that, propose that, require that, suggest that
He demanded that she tell him the truth. They suggested that the passage be deleted.
The contract requires that the rent be paid by …  We insisted that he resign as chairman.
- it’s important/essential/necessary that inf.: It is essential that the bill pass the Diet by …
b. show no reluctance to …
d. digital manipulation <- manipulate; change to suit one’s desire; influence, maneuver, shape
e. dark room techniques
- D. Dic submit
- to present for the approval, consideration, or decision of another or others; present, offer, propose, suggest, refer
- to give over or yield to the power or authority of another, to yield oneself to the power or authority of another; comply, endure, defer, surrender, agree, acknowledge 
=> Pair Talk about.
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money  #2 Lecture about the history of money 
- Blog 3rd Lis w/Script of the key words-> Study unknown/unfamiliar words and phrases.
=> Explain the brief history of money using the below key words in three minutes.
1. barter 2. common currency 3. coins 4. banknotes 5. currency
=> Discuss The lecturer mentioned, “nothing backs our money, except people’s trust in it. 
What keeps the value of our money up is simply the fact that people believe our money has value.”  
What does it mean and why is it possible?
- Pronunciation: Intonation in Lists
- Speaking Skills: Asking for Further Information
=> Speaking Practice-2. If someone gave you \1,000,000 right now, how would you use it? 
Tell a partner your response in 60 seconds.
Interest of the Day: Difference between Currency vs money (3:28)

2017年9月19日火曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.19th

Read and Write Unit 7 Buy or Reuse 
Preview the Unit
Reading 1: Think Before You Toss #1 
- Vocabulary:  consequence-consequent(adj), possess-possession
Dic dispose: arrange sth/sb in a particular way, tempt, incline, adapt
-> dispose of sb/sth: get rid of sth no longer needed, destroy, get rid of, dump, eliminate
-> disposable: needless, unnecessary, useless=>~ diapers/razors/gloves, available for use=> ~ assets/income
- Preview: Read the title and introduction and look at the photos, and predict what “throwaway society” means.
- Read-> Main Ideas, Details
=> Clarify the Outline: Proposition/Main Point, Problems, Solutions and Conclusion/Opinion.
The Title: Think Before You Toss
Proposition: The problem of a throwaway society<= People are throwing out more trash than ever before
Problems: 1. (par.2) Easier to replace <- Products are cheap and plentiful. Many items are impossible to repair
2. (par.3) Love of disposable products <- People are busy. Products aren’t designed to last.
3. (par.4) Appetite for new products <- People are addicted to buying new products. People dump possessions to buy more.
Solutions: 1/F. (par.5) Gov. requires to recycle materials 2/P. (Par.6) Repair our possessions. Rethink our attitude.
Conclusion: Repair our possessions and change our spending habits to reduce trash to take care of our environment. 
- Words/Expressions: (par.1) wear out, torn<-tear  (par.3) contribute, to name a few  (par.4) make room for, dump (par.5) dump site, lesson
- Reading Skill: Identifying Fact and Opinion-> A. -> B. 
- What do you think? -1: Think about the item(s) you threw away recently. Do you think it could/should have been used longer or repaired, or you should have bought a new one? => Speak yr answer in 60 sec
Inside Reading  Unit 9  Reading- 2 Playing with the Pixels
- Review Reading
=>Blog Review the summary of the text in five to eight sentences or around 100 words
- Study and predict the meaning => Pair
- [L44-49] All of them undermine the public’s trust in the reality of news photographs. 
Actually, that’s good. The public tends to assign too much “reality” to what they see in photographs anyway. We should approach all news photos as somewhat unreal.
[L44] undermine  to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin  
[L47] assign sth to sth  to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings.  - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver. [L48] approach  to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project
- [L50-52] What does it mean for a photograph to be true? That it captures what we would perceive if we were standing where the camera was? <= Need to clarify 
- [L74-75] You can see how quickly the situation gets confused.
- [L94-97] What you see when you contemplate a news photo is what you’re told to see. 
Sometimes perception is controlled by what you’re allowed to see.
[L94] contemplate  to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars.  
- to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem.  - to have as a purpose; intend, plan
- [L119] Needless to say, news photographers shouldn’t doctor photographs any more than reporters should 
make up quotes.
doctor - to revise/alter/adapt (a photo, manuscript) to serve a specific purpose or to improve the material
  - falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.
Interest of the Day:  Flashmob Symphony #9 (5:40) 

2017年9月15日金曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.15th

Inside Reading Unit 9  Reading- 2 Playing with the Pixels
- Reading Skill-A. Note the events in the textbook.
- Read-2 -> Study the structure and main ideas of each chunk and paragraph.
Photo Alteration: Par.1, 2, 3 Examples => undermine the public’s trust in the new photos
=> Par. 4 The public shouldn’t simply trust the photos in the news.
What’s Truth? : Par.5, 6 Examples of alterations, emphasis, amendment of photos and images
=> Par. 6 It’s difficult to draw a clear line between what’s acceptable or inaccurate.
What we see/Perception? : Examples of viewers’ perception controlled by the media in Par.7, 8
=> Photo alteration is inevitable and it could alter viewer’s perceptions.
=>Blog Write a summary of the text in five to eight sentences or around 100 words
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money  #2 Lecture about the history of money 
- Prepare to Listen: Describe the pictures with the words; coins, grain, pound, trade, weigh
- 1st Listening-> Main Ideas and More Details
- 2nd Listening-> More Details/Round-2
- Working Out Unknown Vocabulary: barter, spoil, spade, depository, come about
=> Pair Explain the early part of the history of money in 90 seconds. Use barter, straight exchange and common currency and examples.
Interest of the Day:  Microeconomics vs Macroeconomics (2:50)

2017年9月12日火曜日

Adancing 1-Sep.12th

Read and Write Unit 6: Self-Reliance  Writing
Review Writing: Write a paragraph describing a process
Blog Organize the steps in order, an introductory message to the reader and a topic sentence
- Write a topic sentence introducing what process you’re writing about.
- Add a conclusion sentence(s) to encourage the reader to follow the steps for their benefits.
Inside Reading  Unit 9  Reading- 2 Playing with the Pixels
- Preview: alter to change, to become/make sb/sth different; change, revise, adjust, modify, amend
- falsify, forge, fake, counterfeit, manipulate  doctor (v)  to change sth to deceive sb; falsify 
- Check the title, headings, image/captions-> Predict the topic
- Skim the text: Introduction, the first and last sentence of each paragraph and the last paragraph.
=> Speak the main ideas in sentence
Even with restrictions, photos are taken or altered intentionally and don’t always show the truth.
- Read-1 for Reading Comprehension  T/F, Mark the line #, Correct false statements. Mark the key words to look for the answers before reading.
Interest of the Day: Flashmob Symphony #9 (5:40) 



2017年9月8日金曜日

Adancing 1-Sep.8th

Inside Reading Unit 9  True and Faults
- Study Words/Expressions and Text
[Intro] [P1-L8] F-16 fighter jet  [L16] flare  an unsteady flame, a sudden burst of flame [P2-L15] alterations <- alter to change, to become/make sb/sth different; change, revise, adjust, modify, amend  - falsify, forge, fake, counterfeit, manipulate  [L15] apparent [əpærənt, əpɛər-] readily seen or understood; evident, obvious, clear  - seeming, possible, probable  [L18] identical vapor trails  [L21] dismiss the photographer: to remove or discharge from employment/service   [L21] subsequently  after sth else has happened; afterwards, later  <-subsequent occurring or coming later or after: ~ to their arrival, they had dinner.  - following in order or succession; succeeding: a ~ section in a treaty   [L22] fakery (n) the practice or result of faking   [L23] unethical – ethical connected with beliefs/principles about what is right and wrong; proper, honest: ~ issues/standards/questions/problems   ethics (pl) moral principals: code of ~s  [L25] get caught (up) sth  to become unexpectedly involved in an unpleasant or annoying situation: We were caught in traffic/a heavy storm/a clash between protesters and police.
[P3-L28] Hosni Mubarak, then president   [L36] re-election campaign for US president George W. Bush  [L42] trivial  not important; insignificant, meaningless, negligible  [L38] insert (v)[ɪnsɜrt] (n)[ɪnsɜrt] put, tuck in; embed, fill in, implant [L44] undermine  to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin  [P4-L47] assign sth to sth  to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings.  - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver.  [L48] approach  to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project   [L51] capture  - catch and hold; arrest, catch, seize, snatch, secure  - to film/record/paint: the attack was ~d on film by security camera.  [L51] perceive  to become aware of, know, or identify by means of the senses; notice, feel, identify, observe, realize, recognize: I ~d an object looming through the mist.  – perception
[P6-L63] lost in glare  a very harsh, bright, dazzling light; flame, glow: in the ~ of sunlight  -a fiercely or angrily piercing stare  [L66] amend  to improve; change for the better; alter, enhance  -to remove faults from; correct  - to alter or revise (legislation, constitution) by formal procedure: ~ a bill -> amendment   [L72] grant (v) to give or accord ; authorize, allow, permit: ~ permission   - to agree or accede to: ~ a request  (n) something granted, as a privilege or right, a sum of money, or a tract of land; allowance, gift, award, donation, endowment  
[P7-L81] literally and figuratively   literal  being the primary meaning of the word; not figurative or metaphorical: the ~ meaning of a word.  - following the words of the original very closely and exactly: a ~ translation of Goethe. 
<-> figurative [ˈfɪgyərətɪv] different from the usual meaning to create a particular mental image; metaphorical, not literal, symbolical: He is a lion in battle.  
[L94] contemplate  to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars.  - to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem.  - to have as a purpose; intend, plan  [P8-L101] vantage ; advantage, superiority   [L107] polio [poʊlioʊ] an acute viral disease caused by polioviruses  
[P9-L120] doctor  - to restore to original or working condition; repair; mend:  ~ a chipped vase with plastic cement.  - to tamper with; falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. Read the words in the box-> Fill in the blanks without reading (voca task) -> Read the text aloud.
=> B. Put the sentences in a logical order. Identify the topic of each sentence and sort them=> Pair
a. demand that (should/BrE) inf (仮定法現在): demanded that he emphasize ~ and play …
- insist that, recommend that, propose that, require that, suggest that
He demanded that she tell him the truth. They suggested that the passage be deleted.
The contract requires that the rent be paid by …  We insisted that he resign as chairman.
- it’s important/essential/necessary that inf.: It is essential that the bill pass the Diet by …
b. show no reluctance to …
d. digital manipulation <- manipulate; change to suit one’s desire; influence, maneuver, shape
e. dark room techniques
- D. Dic submit
- to present for the approval, consideration, or decision of another or others; present, offer, propose, suggest, refer
- to give over or yield to the power or authority of another, to yield oneself to the power or authority of another; comply, endure, defer, surrender, agree, acknowledge 
=> Pair Talk about.
Open Forum Chapter 6 Money  #1 Radio Report about a Town with its Own Currency 
- 3rd Listening w/Script Blog-> Voc & Expressions: circulate-in circulation, valid, issue notes
Dic issue (v) circulate, deliver, declare, release, send; ~ a statement, ~ a new coin, ~ a reprint of a book
(n) affair, matter, problem, topic, subject, edition, number; political ~, on the ~, the latest ~
- Focus on the Lis Skill Unknown vocabulary: objective, re-circulation, legal tender, issued
Dic stimulate - (passive) to fill sb with ideas/enthusiasm: excite, inspire; he was stimulated by the challenge
- encourage sth to start/progress further: spur, trigger; stimulate economic recovery-> economic stimulus plan
=> Thinking and Speaking  Do you think local currency help the community? 
- How does it help? Why do people use it? What are advantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
- Why don’t people use it? What are disadvantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
=> Pair Do you think local currency help the community? State your response in 60 sec.=> Q&A 
- Vocabulary-1: Words Related to Money-> Check the answers
salary->wage, income-revenue, mortgage, loan; student/car/bank ~, credit-debt->asset, 
interest rate/charge/payment, tax; income/sales/property ~, owe money, I Owe You (I.O.U.)
-> 2-> Read aloud
=> 3. Pair Choose a topic and tell your partner; I’ve just started … =>The Partner gives advice.
Interest of the Day: What is Economics? (2:54) 

2017年9月5日火曜日

Advancing 1-Sep.5th

Read and Write Unit 6: Self-Reliance  Writing
- Grammar: Infinitive of Purpose -> A. Identify and underline each infinitive of purpose
 => B. Write your answers to the questions 1 and 4 in three sentences using infinitives of purpose.
- Writing Skill: Describing a Process-> A. Underline the time order words
-> B. Number the Steps=> C. Write the process using time order words.
Blog “Spam Musubi”
Unit Assignment: Write a paragraph describing a process-> A. Brainstorm -> B. Select a Topic
Blog  Organize the steps in order, an introductory message to the reader and a topic sentence
=> Write a paragraph to describe the process. Refer to p.117. 
Inside Reading  Unit 9  True and Faults
=> Blog Review the summary of the article in four to six sentences/100 words.
☆ Points are well covered. media=> the media is/are, sing/pl, voice
=> Revise the errors of the summary => Post the model summary
- Reading Skill-A. Note the events in the textbook. => Pair
- Study and predict the meaning => Pair
- [L44-49] All of them undermine the public’s trust in the reality of news photographs. 
Actually, that’s good. The public tends to assign too much “reality” to what they see in photographs anyway. We should approach all news photos as somewhat unreal.
[L44] undermine  to weaken confidence or authority gradually or insidiously ; weaken, hurt, impair, ruin  
[L47] assign sth to sth  to attribute to a specified cause, origin, or source; ascribe: to ~ a stone cross to the Vikings.  - assign sth to sb to attribute sth to sb; to blame sth on sb: ~ the blame to sb. ~ed the responsibility for the accident to the driver. [L48] approach  to start to deal with in a certain way; face, deal with: to ~ a problem/task/project
- [L50-52] What does it mean for a photograph to be true? That it captures what we would perceive if we were standing where the camera was? <= Need to clarify 
- [L74-75] You can see how quickly the situation gets confused.
- [L94-97] What you see when you contemplate a news photo is what you’re told to see. 
Sometimes perception is controlled by what you’re allowed to see.
[L94] contemplate  to look at or view with continued attention; observe or study thoughtfully: ~ the stars.  
- to consider thoroughly; think fully or deeply about: ~ a difficult problem. - to have as a purpose; intend, plan
- [L119] Needless to say, news photographers shouldn’t doctor photographs any more than reporters should 
make up quotes.
doctor - to revise/alter/adapt (a photo, manuscript) to serve a specific purpose or to improve the material
  - falsify: He ~ed the birthdate on his passport.

2017年9月1日金曜日

Advancing-Sep.1st

1. Inside Reading Unit 9  True and Faults
- Read-2=> Reading Comprehension: T/F, Mark the line #, Correct false statements.
- Review the underline the topic sentences/main ideas
=> Blog Write a summary of the article in four to six sentences/100 words.
2. Open Forum Chapter 6 Money #1 Radio Report about a Town with its Own Currency
- 3rd Listening w/Script Blog-> Voc & Expressions: circulate-in circulation, valid, issue notes
  Dic issue (v) circulate, deliver, declare, release, send; ~ a statement, ~ a new coin, ~ a reprint of a book
(n) affair, matter, problem, topic, subject, edition, number; political ~, on the ~, the latest ~
- Focus on the Lis Skill Unknown vocabulary: objective, re-circulation, legal tender, issued
Dic stimulate - (passive) to fill sb with ideas/enthusiasm: excite, inspire; he was stimulated by the challenge
- encourage sth to start/progress further: spur, trigger; stimulate economic recovery-> economic stimulus plan
=> Thinking and Speaking  Do you think local currency help the community? 
- How does it help? Why do people use it? What are advantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
- Why don’t people use it? What are disadvantages to use local currency? => Example(s)
=> Pair Do you think local currency help the community? State your response in 60 sec.=> Q&A 
- Vocabulary-1: Words Related to Money-> Check the answers
salary->wage, income-revenue, mortgage, loan; student/car/bank ~, credit-debt->asset, 
interest rate/charge/payment, tax; income/sales/property ~, owe money, I Owe You (I.O.U.)
-> 2-> Read aloud
=> 3. Pair Choose a topic and tell your partner; I’ve just started … =>The Partner gives advice.
3. Interest of the Day:
 What is Economics? (2:54)  normative; normal 
Microeconomics vs Macroeconomics (2:50)