- Study Words/Expressions and Text
[Intro] [L2] sprawling - sprawl - to spread out, extend, or be distributed in a straggling or irregular manner, as vines, buildings, handwriting, etc. - to sit/lie in a relaxed position with the limbs spread out carelessly or ungracefully: He ~ed across the bed. [L6] institute (v) to set up, introduce or start a process; establish, organize, initiate, start: ~ a change, ~ a new government, a new course [L11] lesser jacks [dʒæk] not as great in size/amount or importance as: to a greater or ~ degree, people off ~ importance [L17] you’ve got it mad
[P1] [L25] converse [kɒnvɜːs] (adj) reversed; opposite; contrary: the ~ effect, (n) [the ~] something that is opposite or contrary: ~ and the ~ is equally true. [kənˈvɜːs] (v) to have a conversation (with)
[L-28~29] , those who say they are just regular, (ordinary) [L31] the sunny groups => L-8 their friends have the center table outdoors [L37-L42] Dozens of drama students ~ who find the theater group more tolerant than most=> than most: ~ others: cleaner ~, used more ~, better ~ anticipated, eat more/less ~(people)
[P2] [L42] secondary schools worldwide are shaped by ... form, outline, pattern [L46] clique [kliːk] a small, exclusive group of friends or associates who don’t allow others to join them. [L47] passively wander to move/walk/travel without any definite purpose/destination: ~ed aimlessly around …, A child was found ~ing the street alone. [L49] they are reminders that … sth that makes you think about/remember; indication, suggestion, warning: ~ of the ancient realm, The incident served as a ~ of how dangerous … [L50] – admit agree, confess, concede, acknowledge: ~ a mistake, ~ted to have stolen sth - receive, accept [P3-L54] affluent rich, wealthy, plentiful: ~ family/neighborhood -affluence [L54] take justifiable pride in reasonable, acceptable, proper [L59] diverse having variety; assorted, different, distinct, various; ~ cultures - diversity - diversify [L65] rough inner-city high school [P4-L66] They speculate about the reasons for this [L73] misfits a person who is not suited or is unable to adjust to the circumstances of a particular situation: freak, outsider, dropout
[P5] [L81-L90] we’re pretty much it. This maximizes the influence ~. Adolescence has always been a time of identity formation, ~ the social terrain. adolescence [ædlɛsəns] the transitional period between puberty (the period or age at which a person is first capable of sexual reproduction of offspring) and adulthood in human development; youth terrain [təreɪn] landscape, area, region
[P6] [L92-93] - if not the principal, then … indicating possibility of being more remarkable/greater/better/sooner than; will yield 10% if not more, pretty if not actually beautiful, let's meet tonight if not sooner, if not actually harmful, if not addressed, if not all, if not ideal, if not exactly the same as [L93] intervene (in) to become involved in in a situation to improve/solve ; mediate, arbitrate, negotiate: sb ~ in the crisis/dispute. -> intervention: call for government ~ to save …, military ~ [L95-96] chances of finding ~ are slim : a slim chance => Check Collocation of “chance” [L102] arbitrarily - arbitrary subject to individual will/judgment without restriction; contingent solely upon one's discretion; irrational, unreasonable, irresponsible, inconsistent, subjective, random: an ~ decision. - decided by a judge or arbiter rather than by a law or statute; (international) court of ~ - arbitration
[P7] [L104] a former principal; one of the former principals  inevitably - inevitable unavoidable, sure to happen; certain, unavoidable, inevitable, undeniable: an ~ consequence, It is/seems ~ that …, the ~ (n) accept the ~ [L112] these big high powered suburban high schools => add explanation clause: where [L53-57] [L81] [L114] dominant controlling, prevailing, principal major, main: ~ position, role, feature – dominance: political/economic ~ [L116] service clubs: Community Club, Student Council, Social Justice Club, Green-Club, Clean-up Club
 alienated [eɪlyəneɪt] to make indifferent or hostile; divide, cause hostility: He ~ed his entire family by …
[L123-127] the popular students ~ at least one teacher =>
2. Vocabulary Activities-Word Level
- A. Read the words in the box-> Fill in the blanks without reading (voca task) -> Read the text aloud.
=> B. Put the sentences in a logical order. Identify the topic of each sentence and sort them
- C. Write synonyms of the informal words-> Check the chart on page 113.
- D. Dic diverse => Pair Talk about the diversity of the students/activities/events/backgrounds of your school or community in 90 seconds. Use diverse, diversity, diversify or diversified at least twice.
2. Open Forum Chapter 6 Money #1 Radio Report about a Town with its Own Currency
- Introducing the Topic-1->3. trading, currency-banknote-coins, in circulation, valid
- Prepare to Listen/Main Idea: What is a local currency? Why might someone use such a currency?
- 1st Listening=> Main Ideas and More Details/Round-1
- 2nd Listening=> More Details/Round-2
=> Pair Talk about local currency of your community. Have you used one or do you use it? Why?
- Focus on the Lis Skill Unknown vocabulary: objective, re-circulation, legal tender, issued
Dic stimulate - (passive) to fill sb with ideas/enthusiasm: excite, inspire; he was stimulated by the challenge
- encourage sth to start/progress further: spur, trigger; stimulate economic recovery-> economic stimulus plan
3. Interest of the Day: What is Alipay? (2:30) Mobile payments overtake use of cash in China (2:23)
=> Dis: National or Local currency, or Mobile Payment Platform?