2016年6月29日水曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.29th

1. Kikutan-6K  Day 57  Space Law
There are already laws signed in 1967 that designates the use of space for all human causes and bans the use of nuclear weapons.
2. Read & Write-3 Unit 2 Food and Taste   Reading #2  Finding Balance in Food
Shadow Read w/Q-Classroom
- Read-> Vocabulary  
practice  - a usual or customary action/proceeding; habit, tradition, rule: it was his to rise ~ at six 
property  a thing owned by sb; government/one’s ~, land/buildings; ~ prices/tax  - a quality/characteristic of sth
cuisine [kwɪˈzin] a style or manner of cooking: French ~  - the food prepared by a restaurant, household
portion  an amount of food served for one person; serving; helping: a large ~ of spinach.
=> Write a summary of the text in four to six sentences. 
Understand the structure: MI, France, China, Conclusion
It is important to eat various foods for health but how to maintain a good balance varies by culture. 
In France, people enjoy foods from other places of the country. They also prefer eating small amount food in different dishes such as an appetizer, main and side dishes, a salad and a dessert.
Chinese try to keep balance between warm foods like chicken and eggs and cool foods like tofu and carrots, which are called yang and yin respectively. They believe food plays an important role for one’s health like medicine and even use it to rebalance physical conditions.
It seems that balancing what and how to eat foods is unique to each culture.  (114 words)
=> Peer Review=> Revise=> Speak
- What do you think-B.2: Ind. Speech Which foods did you use to dislike but now you often?
=> Speak your answer in 60 seconds.
- Vocabulary Skill: Use of Context to Understand Words-> Predict the meaning from the context
- A.1. constitute to make up; form; compose: the people who ~ a jury
- A.3. textures  the surface of a material: a wall with a rough ~  - structure, appearance, and feel of a fabric
3. Inside Reading-3 Unit 2 Megacities  Reading-2  Ecopolis Now
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
- Corpus  despite/in spite of
=> E. Write sentences featuring information you’ve learned about cities using 
despite, in spite of, despite the fact that, and considering the fact that.
- Despite/In spite of applying for numbers of jobs, my brother is still out of work.
- Despite the fact that the sun has been shining all day, the snow has not yet melted. 
- Considering the fact that the offender is a minor, the police decided not to release his identity. 
- perspective Dic
- a way of regarding situations, facts and judging their relative importance; view, outlook, aspect
 a global ~, from a different ~, from the ~ of …, a wider ~ on …
- the proper or accurate point of view or the ability to see it; objectivity: try to get some perspective on your troubles: keep the issues in ~, lose the sense of ~, put ones problem into ~
- the theory or art of suggesting three dimensions on a flat surface, to recreate the appearance and spatial relationships that objects or a scene in recession present to the eye: in/out of ~ 

2016年6月28日火曜日

Senior 2-Jun.28th

1. .Read & Write Unit 4 Positive Thinking  
- Writing Skill: Time Order Words – One day, ~ later, The next ~, Then, After ~ --> A/p.74
- Tips for Success/p.75: Title of a story comes with a title whose words start with capital letters.-> B/p.75.
Blog Write five to eight sentences about an event or incident you experienced, saw or heard in the reported speech. Put a title that clearly describes what the event/incident is about. Use at least 15 verbs in the past tense, simple or continuous, and time order words. 
2. Cover to Cover Unit 5  Sports  Part 2 Fans or Fanatics?
- Fluency Strategy: Recognizing Signal Words-> Scan the signal words in Task-A and mark.
- Read=> Task-A/p.62, Checking Fluency and Comprehension, Expanding Vocabulary
- unruly  behavior, unruly child, unruly fans/crowd
- Read w/CD -> Read aloud: Par. 3=>Task-1 
(Par 3) One definition of the work ~ and revolutionary. を日本語にしなさい。
また、extremist, militant, activist, revolutionaryのword familyを各1語以上書きなさい。
Fanaticという言葉の一つの定義は、ある宗教やスポーツに対して極端な興奮を覚える人のことである。
- extreme-extremist, military-militant, activity-activist, revolution-revolutionary
-> Read aloud: Par. 7 Task-2
(Par 7) In Taiwan, baseball fans are as noisy, if not noisier, than Japanese baseball fans.
台湾では野球ファンたちは、日本の野球ファンたちほどではないにしても、同様に騒がしい。
- Russia’s Hooligans-2016
Pair Do you like watching live sport games? Elaborate your answer=> Q&A

2016年6月25日土曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.25th

1. Kikutan-6K Day 56  Land Dispute in Antarctica #2
An international treaty was signed in 1961 to limit the use of Antarctica only for science and peace and not to belong to any country. However, there are facilities by established by 30 countries on the continent. Some counties have set their territories and recognize them each other.
2. Inside Reading-3 Reading-1  Public Art Controversies – Art Attack
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. communicate: communicator, communication, communications (methods of sending info)
communicative  able to communicate; expressive, talkative, open: ~ person, ~ skills
communicable   pass on to others; infectious, transmittable, transferable; ~ disease
- B. Mark the key words that determine the word(s) to be filled.   5. siege: blockade, closure
- C. Dic major (adj; before noun) very large/important, serious, significant: ~ road, company, role, problem, accident, changes, event
=> What you are going to major/are interested in majoring in at college. 
Speak your answer in four to six sentences.
=> Do you think it’s better to major in something you enjoy learning or something that will help you get a good job or a job you want? Speak your answer in four to six sentences.
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
- Corpus  despite/in spite of
=> E. Write sentences featuring information you’ve learned about cities using 
despite, in spite of, despite the fact that, and considering the fact that.
3. Open Forum-2  Chapter 3 Food Science   Lecture about Food Tastes
- Introducing the Topic: 1. Food Quiz-> 2. Taste=> 3. Preference: Discuss the taste and preference
-> Reference: Blog Umami
- Focus on the Listening: Predicting
- Before Listening Voca: crave [kreɪv] to long for; want greatly; desire eagerly: to ~ sweets/affection.
- Lis-1-> Main Ideas, Details, 
- Lis-2 by part=> Take memos to answer the questions.
[1] What are wisdom of the body and eating habits?
[2] Why do certain people like sweetness, sour tastes and bitter flavor?
[3] What makes individual preferences and food cravings?
=> Integrated Speech  Explain what the lecture is about.

2016年6月24日金曜日

Senior 2-Jun.24th

1. Read & Write  Unit 4 Positive Thinking  Reading-2: The Lost Horse
->Blog Review your opinion if the old man in Reading 2 is a positive thinker or not.
Used conditional type- 3?
2. Cover to Cover  Unit 5  Sports  Part 1 Michelle Wie
- Read aloud Par.5=> Check the last sentence: She played well ~ the news of her playing against …
- Read aloud: Par. 7-10=> Task-1 Write in English. Use the expressions and phrases in the text.
1. A week before her 40th birthday, my mom told me that she would try/was trying to qualify for the city’s golf tournament for the first time. 
2. Some pointed out that even though she had built exceptional skills at such a young age and (had) inspired many young girls to play golf, she hadn’t won any professional tournaments yet.
=> Shadow Reading
2. Tactics for Listening Unit 5  Restaurants
Listening-1: Where or what food do the people decide to eat and why? => Pair 1~4, 5~8
Listening-2: Take memos in the sheet to explain what each person want and why. => Pair 1~3, 4~6

2016年6月22日水曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.22nd

1. Kikutan-6K  Day 56  Land Dispute in Antarctica
Despite the treaty signed in 1961 to limit the use of Antarctica only for science and peace and not to belong to any country, some counties have set their territories and recognize them each other.
2. Read & Write-3 Unit 2 Food and Taste    Reading #1  Knowing Your Tastes
Blog Review the summary of the text in between four and six sentences, or about 100 words. 
☆ not A and/or B:  Don’t eat OR drink in the library.   Don’t drink AND drive.
- What do you think-2  Ind. Speech Speak your answer in 60 seconds.
Reading #2  Finding Balance in Food
- Vocabulary: cuisine [kwɪˈzin] a style or manner of cooking: French ~  - the food prepared by a restaurant, household
 portion  an amount of food served for one person; serving; helping: a large ~ of spinach.
- Reading Skill: Previewing the Text->B, C
- Listen to Q-classroom-> Main Ideas=> Speak a summary of the in 90 sec. France, China are examples.
- Read-> Underline the main idea of each paragraph and compare to the previous answers
- What do you think-A.1: Ind. Speech Do you prefer to eat more variety but smaller portions of food, or less variety but bigger portions? => Speak your answer in 60 seconds with example(s).
3. Inside Reading-3 Unit 2 Megacities  Reading-2  Ecopolis Now   
- Study Words/Expressions/Grammar 

2016年6月21日火曜日

Senior 2-Jun.21st

1. Read & Write Unit 4 Positive Thinking  Reading-2: The Lost Horse
- Read=> Shadow Reading 
- Review Conditional Type-2, 3
If you got a scholarship to study in any country you’d like, which country would you choose?
If you had studied for three hours every day since April, what would your last text scores be like?
If you hadn’t had any class at school today, what would you have done before you came to MEL School?
=>Blog WDT -B 1. Write your opinion if the old man in Reading 2 is a positive thinker or not. 
2. Cover to Cover Unit 5  Sports  Part 1 Michelle Wie
- Comprehension Strategy: Making Inferences
- Scan the text and mark USGA (amateurs), PGA (association), LPGA
=> Understand the function of each group.
- Read=> Task-A, Checking Comprehension A, B
- Read w/CD=> Check the Answers 
- Vocabulary in Context  
qualify to provide with proper/necessary skills, knowledge; 
make competent/ready: to qualify oneself for a job  
(Sports) to demonstrate the required ability in an initial or preliminary contest: He qualified in the trials.
consistently<- consistent always behaving the same way; constant, steady, dependable:
 ~ in the way …, ~ approach/player -> consistency: with ~, ~ of service to customers
exceptional  - forming an exception/rare instance; unusual; extraordinary, uncommon:
The warm weather was ~ for January. - unusually excellent, wonderful, outstanding: an ~ violinist.

2016年6月17日金曜日

Senior 2-Jun.17th

1. Read & Write  Unit 4 Positive Thinking  Reading-2: The Lost Horse
- Vocabulary: wise(adj) - wisdom(n) Dic-> Blog
wise (able to make sensible decision/give good advice: prudent): ~ man, decision, choice, saying, ~ to 
clever (quick to understand, learn, apply ideas; intelligent): ~ child, student, at -ing
smart (looking clean, intelligent; neat, intelligent): ~ move, boy, 
intelligent (good at learning, understanding, able to understand/learn): ~ child, question
bright (intelligent, quick to learn): ~ ideas
- Read-> Main Ideas, Details-A-> Details-B=> Pair
WDT -A 1. You might (bad event) => Pair You …=> I might …
2. You might (good event) => Pair You …=> I might …
2. Cover to Cover  Unit 4  Crime  Part 2  A Second Chance
- Read w/CD-> Read aloud Par.7=> Task-2 
1. 私は彼の面倒を出来るだけみてあげていればよかったと願った。
   I wished I had taken care of him as much as I could.
2. 私は彼が生きてくれたらと願っている。もし彼が生きていてくれたなら、私は出来るだけ彼の面倒をみるだろう。
   I wish he were/was alive. If he were/was alive, I would take care of him as much as I can.
=> Shadow Reading
=> Task-3 What do you think of community service for young criminals like Keisha? Do you think it offers better chance to prevent them from repeating crimes? Do you think harsh punishment works better for such criminals? Speak your answer in 60 sec. 
3. Tactics for Listening Unit 4 Celebrations
Getting Ready: Match the meals/parties with the correct descriptions.: potluck, buffet
Listening-1: Listen and describe what each party is like; 1/2, 3/4, 5/6. => Pair 
Listening-3  Listen 1/2 and 3/4 - to describe what each person said about his/her party. => Pair 
-> Lis-2 Blog Expressions- the best/worst thing was …, one/some/none of us/them, no one, everyone

2016年6月15日水曜日

Advancing-2-Jun.15th

1. Kikutan-6K  Week-11 Review  Child Poverty in Japan
The number of poor children especially those of single parent have been increasing in Japan, and they should be supported both financially and socially.
2. Read & Write-3 Unit 2 Food and Taste    Reading #1  Knowing Your Tastes
Preview the Unit-> Listen to the Q-classroom/Web=> Pair
What would be your choice of food if you could eat anything but only one kind every day?
- Vocabulary/p.27: made up of, sensitive to , at risk of 
- Listen/Web and take memos -> Main Ideas=> Integ. Speech Speak a summary of the in 90 seconds.
- Read-> Details
- Vocabulary  sensitive  - aware of/under
stand others’ feeling: ~ to, ~ person - easily irritated/affected; delicate: ~ skin
sensible  having/showing good sense/judgment: a ~ decision  - having perception; aware: ~ of your kindness
=> Blog Write a summary of the text in between four and six sentences, or about 100 words.
3. Inside Reading-3 Unit 2 Megacities  Reading-2  Ecopolis Now   
Blog Review the Main Ideas of the magazine article within 100 words.
=> ☆ Pair Tell the Summary in 90 sec. w/o the writing
- Read-2 -> Reading Comprehension: T/F, Mark the location by line #, Correct false statements. 

2016年6月14日火曜日

Senior 2-Jun.14th

1. Read & Write Unit 4 Positive Thinking   Reading-1: The Power of Positive Thinking?
- Practice Reading w/Q-Class=> Shadow Reading
-> What Do You Think 1-> 2-> Choose two true statements 
=> Blog Write three sentences for each statement
- the statement you chose: 
- an example to explain the statement: 
- a sentence to explain why the example support the statement or why the statement is true to you.
=> Pair/Q&A
2. Cover to Cover Unit 4  Crime  Part 2  A Second Chance
- Read w/CD: Read aloud Par. 1, 2, 7=> Task-1 
1. (Par. 1) Two years ago, if you ~ “I wont’ live to see 16.” を日本語にしなさい
2. (Par. 7) I kept petting him ~ I had done my job. を日本語にしなさい
- Vocabulary 
- Dic involve in (Par.2) 
- happen to join (Par.2) - hang with sb (Par.2) - shove [ʃʌv] him out of the way (Par.3); push  
- Dic commit a crime (Par.4): ~a crime/suicide, ~ oneself to sth, ~ oneself to do 
- rob-robbery (Par.4) - turf (Par.5) (informal, US) a territory that someone claims his/hers  
- take off (Par.6); leave, depart - before a judge (Par.6)   - assign (Par.6) to give out or announce as a task: ~ homework -> assignment - director (Par.7) - pop out (Par.7) appear suddenly 
=> Retell Keisha’s story in 60 sec. Use the third person narrative.

2016年6月11日土曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.11th

1. Kikutan-6K Day 55  Recognizing Ainu Culture  #2
The Ainu had had their unique and independent culture and life until Hokkaido became part of Japan under the Meiji Government. It was 1997 when their cultural identity was again regarded as part of Japan’s unique culture officially by court. 
2. Inside Reading-3 Unit 2 Megacities  Reading-2  Ecopolis Now   
Forget the rural idyll [aɪdl/idil]…  a happy/peaceful place in the countryside
☆What?: An article from Newsweek magazine about the rise of megacities
- Before You Read ☆ Ind. Speaking Describe the city you live in in 90 sec. How big is it? Is it a major city or one of the suburban communities surrounding a major city?
- Reading Skill: Identifying Main Ideas vs. Supporting Details
-> Read=> Mark/Underline the Main Idea and its Supporting Details of each paragraph. => Pair
=> Blog Summarize the Main Ideas of the magazine article within 100 words.
More people are expected to move to live in megacities around the world. They are more environmentally efficient than rural cities but they need to be designed properly to sustain the increasing population.
One thing must be done first is to reduce the cars on the streets. They not only consume energy and emit gasses but also use up space on the ground. 
Another thing to be planned for urban cities is to design and build eco-friendly small houses instead of skyscrapers. 
Megacities can be ecologically friendly cities if they are designed properly to accommodate the needs of the residents.  (100 words)
3. Open Forum-2  Ch-2 Psychology 
[Web] Lecture about the Theory of Multiple Intelligence as Education Majors
Preparing to Listen: What is intelligence? Do you think it’s possible to measure intelligence?
- 1st Listening-> MI, More Details, and What are GPA and Book smart? - Book smart: Good at school subjects
=> Task-1: Explain what intelligence is. [60sec/Prep=>60 sec]
-2nd Listening: Take a memo to explain what IQ test is and what multiple intelligences is about.
- IQ Test: Intelligent Quotient Test created by Alfred Binnet to place and predict students, how well they would do in school and place them accordingly. But it was often used to exclude some students.
- Intelligence: must have stages of development, and a clear end state, that is a level that makes you an expert.
- Positive Theory: Everyone is smart in different ways. We’re all born with different levels of each intelligence.

2016年6月10日金曜日

Senior 2-Jun.10th

1. Read & Write  Unit 4 Positive Thinking  Reading-1: The Power of Positive Thinking?
- Vocabulary-> how to look up a phrasal verb-1: Dic work out (=> Vocabulary Skill/p.71-> p.72)
- Read-> Main Ideas: Identify the key words in the text that made you find the answers
-> Details: Underline the key words that made you decide your answers
- Reading Skill: Making Inferences
-> A. Identify the key words in the text that made you find the answers
2. Cover to Cover  Unit 4  Crime  Part 2  A Second Chance
- Fluency Strategy  Ignoring Unknown Words
- Before Reading  juvenile [ˈdʒuvənl/nail]  young, youthful, or immature: ~ center/crime/offender 
animal shelter
- Listen CD=> Task-A, Checking Comprehension 
-> Read-> Check the Answers
- Expanding Vocabulary
=> Retell Keisha’s story in 60 sec. Use the third person narrative.
3. Tactics for Listening  Unit 3: Neighbors #2
Listening-3: Listen and describe.
- Listen-1 => Tell what each person [1/2, 3/4] talked about the neighbor in reported speech in 1 min.
- Listen-2 => Tell what each person [2/1, 4/3] talked about the neighbor in reported speech in 1 min.
- Read the Transcript to check the understanding and study expressions
=> Conversation: Pair Talk about an argument you’ve had with someone in 60 seconds.
 Use Repeat and Echo questions. => Q&A Elaborate the answer.
Vocabulary Worksheet-3 

2016年6月8日水曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.8th

1. Kikutan-6K  Day 55  Recognizing Ainu Culture
The Ainu had had their unique and independent culture and life until Hokkaido became part of Japan under the Meiji Government.
2. Read & Write-3 Unit 1 First Impressions Writing 
- Review Blog a paragraph in six to eight sen. Think in English. Use English properly. => Revise
3. Inside Reading-3 Unit 1 Unit 2 Megacities: Urban Planning
- Blog Brief review of the revised summary
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. Match the type of network with example 
-> Dic neuro- : indicating a nerve/the nervous system: neurology, neuroscience-~scientist
- C. Complete the sentences
-> Dic define: to state precisely the meaning of words/terms, to describe the nature, properties, or
 essential qualities of sth/sb, to determine the boundary or extent of, to fix with precision; specify
Vocabulary Activities-Sentence Level
- Corpus: statues -> E. Rephrase each status
- Corpus: rely on ~ for sth, rely on ~ to do ... 
-> Dic rely-count, depend, have confidence in, reliable-dependable, trustworthy, honest, sincere, predictable, countable, reliability-dependability, accuracy, loyalty, reliance-dependence, 
-> F. 
=> Blog Write what your friends would think of you in terms of reliability within 100 words. Use reliable and its forms and show some examples.

2016年6月7日火曜日

Senior 2-Jun.7th

1. Read & Write   Unit 3 Long Distance: Writing  Alternative Assignment/Q-Web
- Blog => Review=> Revise=> Pair Talk to Sam=> Q&A
- Unit 4 Positive Thinking: What are the benefits of positive thinking?
Reading-1: The Power of Positive Thinking?
- Vocabulary-> how to look up a phrasal verb-1: Dic work out
   (=> Vocabulary Skill/p.71-> p.72)

2. Cover to Cover Unit 4  Crime  Part 1  Stupid Criminals
- Read w/CD-> Read Par.1,3 aloud
=>Task-1.2  (Par. 3) At the time~ breaking into a school.  を日本語にしなさい
2. ある貴金属店強盗が逮捕された時、その容疑者は自分はその事件が起きた最中他の違う場所にいたのだから、自分がその強盗犯であったはずがないと主張しました。そこで警察がその容疑者にどこにいたのかと訊ねると、彼はその晩全く違う地区にある学校に侵入していたことを認めました。
-> Study Vocabulary
 => Shadow Reading Intro, Story of Canada, Belgium
- Practice Reading one of the stories=> Retell one of the stories in 90 seconds.

2016年6月4日土曜日

Adancing 2-Jun.4th

1. Kikutan-6K Day 54  Childcare in Japan  #2
Japan needs more women in workplaces to cope with the aging population. However, there aren’t enough childcare facilities to give them a chance to work because of the strict government regulations. Without sufficient number of daycare services, women are left no choice but to take care of their children at home. 
2. Inside Reading-3 Unit 2 Megacities: Urban Planning  Reading-1  The New Megapolis
-> Study Words/Expressions/Grammar
Vocabulary Activities-Word Level 
- A. Match the type of network with example 
-> Dic neuro- : indicating a nerve/the nervous system: neurology, neuroscience-~scientist
- C. Complete the sentences
-> Dic define: to state precisely the meaning of words/terms, to describe the nature, properties, or
 essential qualities of sth/sb, to determine the boundary or extent of, to fix with precision; specify
3. Open Forum-2  Ch-2 Psychology  Personal Interviews about the survey results on quality of life
- Blog Lis-3 with Transcript-> Learn how each person answers and responds to the questions.
=> Pair Assign the partner one of the interviewees to explain. -> Study the Transcript for 60 sec=> Explain
- Pronunciation: Unstressed Function Words
- Speaking Skills: Elaborating to Keep a Conversation Going
=> Ind. Speech What do you enjoy doing the most? Answer in 60 sec.
=> Q&A Elaborate, Echo/Repeat Question.

2016年6月3日金曜日

Senior 2-Jun.3rd

1. Read & Write  Unit 3 Long Distance   Writing  Alternative Assignment/Q-Web
- Read “Living in Tokyo” by Sam Johnson. Write him an email to give advice about life in Japan.
Plan Use the following questions to help you with your planning.
1. What is special about your country?
2. What are some things the person can enjoy seeing or doing particularly in your country?
3. What should the person know about your culture?
=> Choose one or two ideas to write. 
Blog Write an email to give him advice about life in Japan.
- 1st Paragraph: Introduction in two or three sentences. State the main point clearly.
- 2nd Paragraph: Write your advice in three to five sentences. 
Write another paragraph for an additional idea if any.
- Last Paragraph: Conclude your email to encourage and cheer him up in two or three sentences.
☆ Try These! - suggest –ing: I suggest you (should) visit/see/try
- recommend ~ (to you), ~ is (highly) recommended - explain ~ / about / sth to sb
- ~ is worth –ing - try –ing - don’t forget to/remember to  - give advice on ~, a piece of advice
=> Study the model writing
2. Cover to Cover   Unit 4  Crime  Part 1  Stupid Criminals
- Read w/CD-> Review Task-1
-> Study Vocabulary
=> Retell one of the stories in 90 seconds.
3. Tactics for Listening Unit 3: Neighbors
Listening-1: Listen and describe who and what each speaker’s neighbor is like why.
Listening-2: Listen to explain.

2016年6月1日水曜日

Advancing 2-Jun.1st

1. Kikutan-6K  Day 54  Childcare in Japan
- Lis-1=> Write the MI in one sentence-> Lis-2=> Revise -> Read w/CD=> Revise-> Read it yourself
Although Japan needs more women in workplaces because of the aging population, there aren’t enough childcare facilities to give them a chance to work.
2. Read & Write-3 Unit 1 First Impressions Writing 
- Writing Skill-Part 1: Developing a Paragraph-A, B, C
- Writing Skill-Part 2: Organizing and Developing a Paragraph-> Complete the Outline
Blog Writing Task Organize, Develop and Write a “how to” paragraph
1. Chose a Topic: How to make a good friend/crispy fried chicken/a good first impression, eat sth, get good grades.
2. T-chart: Dos and Don’ts
3. Outline: Topic Sentence, Subtopics and Supporting Details (at least two subtopics), Concluding Sentence
4. Write a paragraph in six to eight sentences. Use the vocabulary from the unit text and use conditionals
3. Inside Reading-3 Unit 1 Unit 2 Megacities: Urban Planning
- Blog Review the summary of the main idea of the entire article in within five sentences.
Megapolis or the New Megas are arousing in the world. 
They are expanding to surrounding areas and becoming the driving force of economy, creativity, trade, transportation and communication.
Furthermore, more regions are converged to form mega-regions beyond borders around the world.
Business and political leaders in the world should have broader perspective and vision for the future.
It is no longer the time to limit themselves within traditional borders like cities, regions or even countries to view, plan or deal with challenges. (82 words)
- Read-1 -> Reading Comprehension: T/F, Mark the location by line #, Correct false statements=> Pair